Ecology and Ecosystem- Population Ecology Population Ecology Population ecology is an important area of ecology because it links ecology to population genetics and evolution. A population has certain attributes that an i More.. Biodiversity - Threats to Biodiversity/Biodiversity Conservation Threats to Biodiversity Threat to biodiversity stems mainly from: habitat fragmentation, degradation and loss; shrinking genetic diversity; invasive alien species; declining fore More.. Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats The Government of India provides financial and technical assistance to the State/UT Governments for activities aimed at wildlife conservation through the Centrally Sponsored Sche More.. Ecology and Ecosystem- Adaptation/Interaction between Species Adaptation/Interaction between Species Adaptation An adaptation is “the appearance or behaviour or structure or mode of lif More.. Ecology and Ecosystem- Ecology and its Principles/Ecological Succession Ecology and its Principles Ecology is defined as a scientific study of the interaction of living organisms with each other and with their environment. It deals with the ways in w More.. Ecology and Ecosystem- Terrestrial Ecosystem/Aquatic Ecosystem Terrestrial Ecosystem A terrestrial ecosystem is an ecosystem found only on landforms. Six primary terrestrial ecosystems exist: tundra, taig More.. Ecology and Ecosystem- Ecotone/Energy Flow Ecotone: Ecology and Ecosystem Ecotone, a transitional area of vegetation between two different plant communities, such as forest and grassland. It has some of the characteristic More.. Ecology and Ecosystem - Ecosystem and its components/Ecosystem Functions/Ecological Pyramids Ecosystem and its components An ecosystem is defined as a structural and functional unit of biosphere consisting of community of living beings and physical environment, both inte More.. Natural Resource Degradation - Land Degradation/Soil Erosion/Deforestation Land Degradation Land degradation is the process of deterioration of soil or loss of fertility of soil. The causes of land degradation can be divided into natural hazards, direct More.. Climate Change - Conventions Related to Climate Change Management Conventions Related to Climate Change Management The Convention on Climate Change sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenge More.. Biogeochemical cycles - Nitrogen Cycle/Sulphur Cycle /Hydrological Cycle Nitrogen Cycle Nitrogen is an essential component of protein and required by all living organisms including human beings. Nitrogen is needed for our DNA, RNA and proteins an More.. Bonn Climate Change Conference The 23rd meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP-23) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in November 2017 at Bonn in Germany. Ecology, Biome, Ecotone, Niche, Ecosystem, Biosphere Ecology Ecology may be defined as the scientific study of the relationship of living organisms with each other and with their environment. The emphasis is on relationshi More.. Ecological Succession, Food Chain, Food Web, Ecological pyramids Ecological Succession Primary succession Primary succession is one of two types of biological and ecological succession of pla More.. ‘Beast from The East’ – the science behind Europe’s Siberian chill The so-called “Beast from the East” has arrived in the UK, bringing unusually cold weather – about 7°C colder than the historical average for this time of year. Wind chill is mak More.. Reducing the carbon footprint With hot summers, warm winters, increasing diseases, famines and droughts, and violent acts of nature, we can see how climate change is affecting our daily lives. India, which aims More.. India needs a law against genetic discrimination The Delhi High Court Biogeochemical cycles - Carbon Cycle/Oxygen Cycle/Phosphorus Cycle Carbon Cycle This cycle contains any of the natural pathways by which essential elements of living matter are circulated. Biogeochemical cycles are named for the cycling of biolo More.. Biodiversity - International Conventions on Biodiversity Conservation International Conventions on Biodiversity Conservation Conserving biodiversity is not an issue confined to any one country or community. It is a crucial global concern. Several i More.. Natural Resource Degradation - Surface and Groundwater Degradation Surface and Groundwater Degradation India consists 1/25th of world’s water resources. The total utilizable water resources of the country are assessed as 1086 km3. A brief descri More.. Environmental Governance - Environmental Institutions/Environmental Legislations Environmental Institutions NATIONAL BODIES 1. Ministry of Environment & Forests: • The Ministry of Environment &a More.. Biodiversity - Types of Species/Extinction of Species/IUCN Red List Types of Species The species according to their role are divided as: • Dominant species These are species with substantially higher abundan More.. Climate Change - Basics of Climate Change Basics of Climate Change ‘Climate change’ as a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the More.. Biodiversity - Biodiversity Types/Functions of Biodiversity Biodiversity Types The word “biodiversity” is an abbreviated version of “biological diversity”. The Convention on Biological Diversity d More.. Natural Resource Degradation - Solid Waste Management/E-waste Management/Treatment Methods for Waste Management Solid Waste Management India has emerged as the world’s fifth largest electronic waste (e-waste) producer. India discards roughly 18.5 lakh tonnes of e-waste each year and teleco More.. Biodiversity - Estuaries/Mangroves/Coral Polyps Estuaries Estuaries are partially enclosed bodies of water along coastlines where fresh water and salt water meet and mix. They act as a transition zone between oceans and contin More.. Brundtland Report & Capacity-Building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT) Fund Brundtland Report Formally called: Our Common Future: Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development < More.. Environmental Governance - Steps for Environmental Conservation Steps for Environmental Conservation In This Section, we will discuss schemes related to Forestation, Schemes for wetland and coastal Ecosystem , schemes for water conservation More.. Stubble burning Stubble burning Stubble burning refers to the use of a controlled fire to clear the crop residue that remains in the paddock after harvest and could more accurately be called ‘cro More.. Vermin Animals Vermin are pests or nuisance animals that spread diseases or destroy crops or livestock. Disease-carrying rodents and insects are the usual case, but the term is also applied to larger animals—especially small predators—typically beca More.. Treaties and Agreements Treaties and Agreements 1971: Convention on Wetlands of International Importance ("Ramsar Convention") 1972: Stockholm Declaration 1973: Convention on International Trade in Endangered species More.. Agenda 21 & Basel Convention Agenda 21 1. Non-binding 2. Voluntary It is an action plan of United Nations Related with sustainable development It More.. Convention on Biological Diversity, Convention to Combat Desertification, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) and Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Convention on Biological Diversity Also known as Biodiversity Convention It is a multilateral treaty More..