Agenda 21 & Basel Convention March 18, 2018 Agenda 21 1. Non-binding 2. Voluntary It is an action plan of United Nations Related with sustainable development It is a product of Earth Summit (UN Conference on Environment and Development) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. It is an action agenda for the UN, other multilateral organizations, and individual governments around the world that can be executed at local, national, and global levels. The "21" in Agenda 21 refers to the 21st Century. It has been affirmed and had a few modifications at subsequent UN conferences. Basel Convention Formally called: The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal It is an international treaty It is a UN Treaty Open for signature in 1989 Effective from 1992 Signatories : 53 Parties : 183 What it does? Aims to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries The Convention is also intended to : minimize the amount and toxicity of wastes generated, to ensure their environmentally sound management as closely as possible to the source of generation, and to assist LDCs in environmentally sound management of the hazardous and other wastes they generate It does not address the movement of radioactive waste. Its objective was to stop dumping of hazardous waste from developed countries in developing nations.