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Agenda 21 & Basel Convention
                                                                                                    March 18, 2018


Agenda 21
 
1. Non-binding
2. Voluntary

  • It is an action plan of United Nations
  • Related with sustainable development
  • It is a product of Earth Summit (UN Conference on Environment and Development) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992.
  • It is an action agenda for the UN, other multilateral organizations, and individual governments around the world that can be executed at local, national, and global levels. 
  • The "21" in Agenda 21 refers to the 21st Century. 
  • It has been affirmed and had a few modifications at subsequent UN conferences.
Basel Convention
 
  • Formally called: The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
  • It is an international treaty
  • It is a UN Treaty
  • Open for signature in 1989
  • Effective from 1992
  • Signatories : 53
  • Parties : 183
 
What it does?

Aims to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries

The Convention is also intended to :
  • minimize the amount and toxicity of wastes generated,
  • to ensure their environmentally sound management as closely as possible to the source of generation, and
  • to assist LDCs in environmentally sound management of the hazardous and other wastes they generate
  • It does not address the movement of radioactive waste.
  • Its objective was to stop dumping of hazardous waste from developed countries in developing nations.