Indian Economy - Government Schemes December 1, 2017 Government Schemes Central sector schemes and Centrally Sponsored Scheme Central sector schemes are 100% funded by the Union government and implemented by the Central Government machinery. Central sector schemes are mainly formulated on subjects from the Union List. They account for 11% of the Central Government’s expenditure. In Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) a certain percentage of the funding is borne by the States and the implementation is by the State Governments. Centrally Sponsored Schemes are formulated in subjects from the State List to encourage States to prioritise in areas that require more attention. They account for 10% of Central governments expenditure. 1. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare 1.1 Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana It is to provide comprehensive insurance coverage against crop loss. It is compulsory for farmers availing crop loans for notified crops in notified areas and voluntary for non-loanee farmers. Premium rate - There is no capping in premium and one premium rate on pan-India basis. It is 1.5%, 2% and 5% for all Rabi, Kharif and annual horticultural/commercial crops, respectively. There is no upper limit on the government subsidy i.e the difference between premium and insurance charges paid by the farmer. Losses covered - Non-Preventable risk such as Natural Fire, Storm, Hailstorm, Cyclone and Inundation has also been included as a localized calamity. Post Harvest losses also covered. A cluster approach will be adopted under which a group of districts with variable risk profile will be allotted to an insurance company Use of Remote Sensing Technology, Smart phones & Drones for quick estimation of crop losses to ensure early settlement of claims. 1.2 Soil Health Card Scheme It is a report provided to all farmers which informs of the nutrient content in the soil. It gives crop-wise recommendation of appropriate dosage of fertilizers and nutrients. It will be provided once in 3 years. The scheme is to be implemented on 50:50 sharing pattern between centre and state. 1.3 Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana It is to promote organic farming and the products will be linked with the market. It will be implemented in a cluster based approach and farmers will be funded to meet the expenditure from farm to market. There is no liability for farmers for expenditure on certification. 1.4 Electronic National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) It is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities. NAM is a virtual market but it is connected to a physical market (mandi) at the back end and promotes genuine price discovery. Funding - Funded byAgri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF) which is set up through the Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC). License - Liberal licensing of traders and commission agents by state authorities and one license for a trader is valid across all markets in the state. Market Fee - Single point levy on the first wholesale purchase from the farmer. Implementation - A Central Sector Scheme. Willing states enact suitable provisions in their APMC act for integration with the e-platform. Soil Testing Laboratories available in the mandis itself. 1.5 National Food Security Mission It is launched to enhance the production of Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Coarse Cereals and commercial crops ( Cotton, jute and Sugarcane). y Targets - Production of rice, wheat and pulses would be increased by 10, 8, 4 million tonnes respectively and Coarse cereals by 3 million tonnes. Funding - 50:50 by Centre and State for food crops and 100% centre funding for cash crops. It would be implemented through cluster demonstration, distribution of high yield seeds with farm mechanization, &Integrated pest management. (Note - National Food Security Act is different from the Mission and the act is administered by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs). 1.6 Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana Main objectives are : 1. Extending the coverage of irrigation 2. Improving water use efficiency 3. End to end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities. It is formulated by amalgamating ongoing schemes 1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) - Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD&GR). 2. Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) - Department of Land Resources (DoLR), Ministry of Rural Developement. 3. On Farm Water Management (OFWM) - Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC). Implementation - Decentralised manner through State Irrigation Plan and District Irrigation Plan. 1.7 National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) The mega project has three major objectives of Strategic research, Technology demonstrations and Capacity building. It was launched by Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR). Its aims to make farmers self-reliant by use of climate resilient agricultural technologies and management of natural and manmade resources for sustaining agriculture in the era of climate change. It has four components: 1. Strategic research on adaptation and mitigation, 2. Technology demonstration to cope with current climate variability in 100 vulnerable districts, 3. Capacity Building 4. Sponsored competitive research to fill critical gaps. 1.8 Small Farmer’s Agriculture-Business Consortium (SFAC) The scheme aims to support new ventures in agro-based industries and to promote the farmer producer organisations (FPOs) and their integration in agriculture value chain. SFAC gives Venture Capital Assistance and Project Development Facility to supports the new ventures in agro based industries. Beneficiaries: Individuals, farmers, producer groups, partnership, propriety firms, Self Help Groups and companies etc. 1.9 Krishi Vigyan Kendras Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) are agricultural extension centers created by ICAR to provide various types of farm support to the agricultural sector. It is created to serve as a single window mechanism for addressing the technology needs of farmers and acts as a link among researchers, extension functionaries like NGOs and farmers. The farm support includes farm advisory service including climate resilient technologies,training programme for NGOs and front line demonstration and on Farm testing. KVK operates under the administrative control of State Agricultural University(SAU) or central institute. 1.10 Mera Gaon - Mera Gaurav The scheme envisages scientists to select villages and provide information to the farmers on technical and other related aspects. It includes scientist functioning at the various centers and institutes of the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) and working with state agricultural universities. They may function with the help of KVKs and Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA). 1.11 Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) It incentives states to enhance investments in Agriculture and Allied sectors to achieve 4% growth rate. It is a State Plan scheme with 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme. The allocations are based up on the State plan expenditure for Agricultural sectors which is determined based on the average expenditure incurred by the State Government during the three years prior to the previous year. The preparation of the District and State Agriculture Plans is mandatory and encourages convergence with other programmes such as NREGS. Sub-schemes include 1. Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI) 2. Additional Fodder Development Programme (AFDP) 3. Saffron Mission 4. Crop Diversification Program 5. Livestock Health & Disease Control / Foot & Mouth Diseases (FMD) 6. Bee keeping 7. Targeting Rice Fallow Areas (TRFA) 1.12 Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Scheme It was launched to promote agricultural education. Under the scheme 100 centres are opened with a fund of Rs.5.35 crore. “Attracting and retaining youth in Agriculture (ARYA)” is a project sanctioned by the Indian Council of Agriculture (ICAR) and is being implemented at Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVKs). The main objective of the project was to provide complete knowledge and skill on processing, value addition and marketing of coconut and banana products through capacity building programmes involving research and development organizations. DAIRY SECTOR 1.13 Rashtriya Gokul Mission The mission is launched for conservation and development of indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner. It is a project under National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development. The objectives of this mission includes Conservation of indigenous breeds and their development to improve their genetic makeup, enhancing the milk productivity and distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service. Rashtriya Gokul Mission is being implemented through “State Implementing Agencies (SIA) viz Livestock Development Boards. Scheme is implemented on 100% grant-in-aid basis and throughout the country. Implementation 1. Establishment of Integrated Indigenous cattle centres “Gokul Gram”. 2. Establishment of Breeder’s societies “Gopalan Sangh”. 3. Award to Farmers “Gopal Ratna” and Breeders’ societies “Kamadhenu”. 4. Assistance to institution which are repositories of best germplasm. 1.14 Pashudhan Sanjivani An animal wellness programme encompassing provision of Animal Health Cards - “Nakul Swasthya Patra”. It also issues UID identification of animals in milk and establish a National Database for controlling the spread of animal disease and keep tracking of trade in livestock and its products. 1.15 E-Pashudhan Haat Portal It is launched under the National Mission on Bovine Productivity for connecting breeders and farmers of indigenous breeds. This portal helps farmers to be aware about breed wise information on indigenous breeds. Farmers/breeders can sale animals of indigenous breeds through this portal.