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History : Practice Quiz 7 For Civil Service Examinations 2018 (UPSC Prelims 2018)
                                                                                                    August 6, 2017

History: Cultural History- Art, Architecture and Music

Who built the stupa at Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh ?
(a) Kanishka
(b) Chandragupta
(c) Ashoka
(d) Harsha
Answer: Ashoka

The most famous court-poet (in Hindi Literature) of akbar was
(a) Raskhan
(b) Tulsidas
(c) Surdas
(d) Abdur Rahim-Khan-i-Khanan
Answer: Abdur Rahim-Khan-i-Khanan

Who among the following Mughal rulers has been called as the Prince of Builders

(a) Jehangir
(b) Shahjehan
(c) Babar
(d) Akbar
Answer: Shahjehan

The Khajurao shrines built by Chandella rulers are dedicated to

(a) Shiva and Parvati
(b) Vishnu and Brahma
(c) Vishnu and Shiva
(d) Indra and Varun
Answer: Shiva and Parvati

The contents of Allahabad Pillars inscription of Samudragupta were written by

(a) Vishakhadatta
(b) Harisena
(c) Kalidas
(d) Virasen
Answer: Virasen

Sculptures of the Gandhara school reflect the influence of the
(a) Chinese
(b) Persians
(c) Italians
(d) Greeks
Answer: Greeks

An example of Chola architecture can be sent at

(a) Tanjore
(b) Kanchipuram
(c) Ellora
(d) Mahabalipuram
Answer: Tanjore

During the Mughal period of Indian history, the name of Mansur became famous in the field of

(a) Painting
(b) Garden Laying
(c) Music
(d) Architecture
Answer: Painting

Sarnath's Lion Capital is attributed to

(a) Kanishka
(b) Chandragupta
(c) Harshavardhana
(d) Ashoka
Answer: Ashoka

The Darvidian style of architecture can be seen in

(a) Mahabodhi temple at Gaya
(b) Jagannath Temple at Puri
(c) Dharamaraja-ratha at Mamallapuram
(d) Sun Temple at Konark
Answer: Dharamaraja-ratha at Mamallapuram

Which of the following is correct chronological sequence?

(a) Qutub Minar, Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri
(b) Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, Qutub Minar
(c) Fatehpur Sikri, Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar
(d) Qutub Minar, Fatehpur Sikri, Taj Mahal
Answer: Qutub Minar, Fatehpur Sikri, Taj Mahal

The large Shiva Temple at Thanjavur was built by

(a) Chandellas
(b) Rashtrakutas
(c) Rajaraja Chola
(d) Rajendra Chola
Answer: Rajaraja Chola

Which of the following was built by Akbar ?
(a) Fort of Daulatabad
(b) Fort of Ahmednagar
(c) Red Fort
(d) Agra Fort
Answer: Agra Fort

The Kirti Stambha (Tower of Victory) at Chittor was built by
(a) Bappa Raval
(b) Rana Kumbha
(c) Rana Pratap
(d) Rana Sanga
Answer: Rana Kumbha

The Red Fort of Delhi was built by

(a) Sher Shah
(b) Shahjehan
(c) Akbar
(d) Jehangir
Answer: Shahjehan

Which of the following is not related to Gandhara School of Art ?

(a) Elephanta
(b) Khajuraho
(c) Ellora
(d) Ajanta
Answer: Ajanta
The monuments at Khajuraho blong to the period of
(a) Gahadavalas
(b) Chandellas
(c) Vakatakas
(d) Rashtrakutas
Answer: Chandellas

In the Gandhar Sculptures, the preaching mudra associated with the Buddha's first sermon at Sarnath is
(a) Bhumisparsa
(b) Dharmachakra
(c) Dhyana
(d) Abhaya
Answer: Dhyana

The Mughal painting reached its zenith during the reign of

(a) Babur
(b) Shahjehan
(c) Jehangir
(d) Akbar
Answer: Akbar
Which of the following is not correctly matched ?

(a) Nalanda-Monastic establishment
(b) Tanjore-Cave Temple
(c) Konark-Sun Temple
(d) Amravati - Stupa
Answer: Amravati - Stupa

Gandhara School of Art was established in
(a) Eastern India
(b) Southern India
(c) North-Western India
(d) Western India
Answer: North-Western India
Temples at All the following places are well known for their erotic sculptures except
(a) Konark
(b) Madurai
(c) Khajuraho
(d) Halebid and Belur
Answer: Halebid and Belur

Taxila was a famous site of
(a) Mauryan art
(b) Gupta art
(c) Gandhara art
(d) Early Vedic art
Answer: Gandhara art
The structure of Qutub Minar was completed by
(a) Iltutmish
(b) Muhammad bin Tughlaq
(c) Aram Shah
(d) Qutbuddin Aibak
Answer: Iltutmish
In the medieval period, Indian painting reached a high degree of perfection during the reign of

(a) Firoz Tughlaq
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Sher shah
(d) Jehangir
Answer: Jehangir

Fourteen rock edicts of ashoka have been unearthed at

(a) Girnar
(b) None of these
(c) Sasaram
(d) Kandhar
Answer: Girnar

Which sufi saint's dargah is at Ajmer ?
(a) Hazrat Nizamuddin
(b) Salim Chisti
(c) Muinuddin Chisti
(d) Baba Farid
Answer: Salim Chisti
Gandhara School of art developed during the time of

(a) Sungas
(b) Kushans
(c) Sakas
(d) Mauryas
Answer: Kushans
Which of the following is not associated with growth of cave art ?

(a) Karle
(b) Mahabalipuram
(c) Amarnath
(d) Bagh
Answer: Amarnath

The distinctive contribution of the Turkish rulers of India to architecture was the

(a) Use of motifs for decoration
(b) Use of arch and dome
(c) Use of red stone
(d) Building of towers
Answer: Use of arch and dome

Which of the following statements is true of the Gandhara school of art ?

(a) It was a form of Ashokan art
(b) It was Greek in technique and indian in Theme
(c) It was an indigenous school of art
(d) It was an offshoot of greek art
Answer: It was Greek in technique and indian in Theme

Buland Darwaza is situated in
(a) Delhi
(b) Meerut
(c) Lucknow
(d) Fatehpur Sikri
Answer: Fatehpur Sikri
The images in the temple of ankorvat are those of

(a) Buddha
(b) Combodians Kings
(c) Tirthankaras
(d) Hindu Deities
Answer: Hindu Deities
Which of the following is not a characteristics of the painting of Mughal period ?

(a) Mythological themes were depicted
(b) Religious scenes were depicted
(c) Court and Cultural scenes were depicted
(d) Scenes of battels were shown
Answer: Religious scenes were depicted

Nishat Garden was built by

(a) Shahjehan
(b) Jehangir
(c) Babar
(d) Sher shah
Answer: Jehangir

Who is considered as Trimurti (Trinity) of Carnatic music ?
(a) Muthuswami Dikshitar
(b) Purandaradasa
(c) Thyagaraja
(d) Swati Thirunal
Answer: Muthuswami Dikshitar

Which of the following is the oldest monuments ?

(a) Qutub Minar
(b) Khajuraho
(c) Taj Mahal
(d) Ajanta
Answer: Ajanta

Which temple got the name of Black Pagoda ?

(a) Sun Temple
(b) Bhuvneshwari Temple
(c) Lingharaja Temple
(d) Jagannath Temple
Answer: Sun Temple
Who built Char Minar ?
(a) Ali Adil Shah
(b) Ibrahim Adil Shah II
(c) Quli Qutb Shah
(d) Ibrahim Qutb Shah
Answer: Quli Qutb Shah
Vakatakas belong to the period of

(a) Guptas
(b) Harsha
(c) Mauryas
(d) Kushans
Answer: Quli Qutb Shahz

Which of the following schools of paintings developed independently during the Mughal Period ?
(a) The Rajputs School
(b) The Bijapur School
(c) The Golconda School
(d) The Kangra School
Answer: The Bijapur School
Development of architecture was as its peak during
(a) Pandhya period
(b) Gupta period
(c) Chola period
(d) Mughal period
Answer: Gupta period
Who built the famous Dilwara temple at Mount Abu in the 13th century ?
(a) Rajyapala
(b) Mahipala
(c) Tejapala
(d) Mahendrapala
Answer: Tejapala
The originators of the Dravidian style of architecture and sculpture in south India were

(a) Pallavas
(b) Pandyas
(c) Cholas
(d) Hoysalas
Answer: Pallavas
To whom was place for Amritsar given by Mughal emperor Akbar ?
(a) Guru harkrishan
(b) Guru Teg Bahadur
(c) Guru Ram Das
(d) Guru Amar Das
Answer: Guru Ram Das
The Mathura school of art fluorished during the reign of
(a) Kadphises-I
(b) Vaishka
(c) Vasudeva
(d) Kanishka
Answer: Vasudeva

Which of the following is an example of Mauryan art ?

(a) The panel showing Mahakapi Jataka at Bharhut
(b) Bull capital, Rampurva
(c) Image of Nara-Narayana in the temple at Deogarh
(d) Terracotta figures found at Ter
Answer: Bull capital, RampurvaRampurvaRampurva
Buland Darwaza, built by Akbar, is to commemorate the victory of

(a) Delhi
(b) Gujarat
(c) Orissa
(d) Bengal
Answer: Gujarat
The mausoleum of Sher Shah is at

(a) Delhi
(b) Lahore
(c) Agra
(d) Sasaram
Answer: Sasaram

The famous monastery at Vikramasila was founded by the

(a) Rashtrakutas
(b) Guptas
(c) Palas
(d) Senas
Answer: Palas

Most of the Ajanta paintings were done during the period of

(a) Kushans
(b) Guptas
(c) Harshavardhana
(d) Mauryas
Answer: Guptas

The Iron Pillar are Mehrauli was built by
(a) Nandas
(b) Khiljis
(c) Gupta
(d) Mauryas
Answer: Gupta

The Gandhara school of art developed during the time of

(a) The Mauryas
(b) The Sungas
(c) The Sakas
(d) The Kushans
Answer: The Kushans
The construction of the Golden Temple at Amritsar was done under the supervision of
(a) Guru Govind Singh
(b) Guru Ramdass
(c) Guru Nanak
(d) Guru Arjun
Answer: Guru Ramdass

Who among the following Mughal rulers banned music and dancing ?
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Babar
(c) Humayun
(d) Jehangir
Answer: Aurangzeb

Who among the following was a great musician in the court of Akbar ?

(a) Ramdas
(b) Abul Fazal
(c) Tansen
(d) Amir Khusro
Answer: Tansen

Who among the following are credited to have built the famous Ellora caves ?
(a) Satavahanas
(b) Cheras
(c) Rashtrakutas
(d) Cholas
Answer: Rashtrakutas

Fatehpur Sikri was founded by

(a) Humayun
(b) Jehangir
(c) Akbar
(d) Babar
Answer: Akbar
The caves and rock-cut temples at Ellora are

(a) Buddhist and Jain
(b) Hindu and Jain
(c) Hindu, Buddhist and Jain
(d) Buddhist
Answer: Hindu, Buddhist and Jain

The cult of Krishna is mainly exhibited through the

(a) Mughal School of Art
(b) Bengal School of Art
(c) Ancient Art
(d) Rajasthani Group
Answer: Rajasthani Group

The famous bronze image of Nataraja is a fine example of

(a) Chola art
(b) Mauryan art
(c) Gandhara art
(d) Gupta art
Answer: Chola art

Fresco paintings of Ajanta caves is the art of

(a) Rastrakutas
(b) Guptas
(c) Mauryas
(d) Kushans
Answer: Guptas
The statue of Gomateswara at Sravanabelagola was built by

(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) Amoghavarsha
(c) Kharavela
(d) Chamundaraya
Answer: Chamundaraya
Pallava Kings are remembered as the makers of rock-cut temples at

(a) Thanjavur
(b) Khajuraho
(c) Mahabalipuram
(d) Rameshwaram
Answer: Mahabalipuram

In which of the following caves, 28 new caves have been discovered ?
(a) Ajanta caves
(b) None of these
(c) Ellora caves
(d) Elephanta caves
Answer: Elephanta caves
Jama Masjid in Delhi was built by
(a) Shahjehan
(b) Humayun
(c) Jehangir
(d) Akbar
Answer: Shahjehan
Who was the Hindu king shown playing on the Veena, on ancient coins ?
(a) Shivaji
(b) Ashoka
(c) Samudragupta
(d) Vikramaditya
Answer: Samudragupta
An example of the Nagara style of architecture is provided by the
(a) Brihadeeswara Temple, Thanjavur
(b) Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, Khajuraho
(c) Kailasnatha Temple, Kanchipuram
(d) Lingaraja Temple, Bhubaneshwar
Answer: Brihadeeswara Temple, Thanjavur

Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched ?

(a) Satkarni : Kharavela
(b) Mandasor : Yasodharman
(c) Junagarh : Pushyamitra
(d) Allahabad Pillar : Samudragupta
Answer: Junagarh : Pushyamitra
The celebrated Rummindei pillar of Ashoka marked the site where Gautama Buddha

(a) Died at the age of eighty
(b) Preached his first sermon
(c) Was born in 566 B.C.
(d) Attained into supreme knowledge and insight
Answer: Died at the age of eighty

The Ellora caves in Maharashtra were built by
(a) Palas
(b) Rashtrakutas
(c) Cholas
(d) Pallavas
Answer: Rashtrakutas
The best specimen of the Mauryan art is represented in

(a) Stupas
(b) Chaityas
(c) Pillars
(d) Cave architecture
Answer: Pillars

Which among the following dynasties were not patrons of temple architecture ?
(a) Chandellas of Bundelkhand
(b) Paramars of Malwa
(c) Yadavas of Devagiri
(d) Chalukyas of Gujarat
Answer: Yadavas of Devagiri

Which of the following Mughal emperors is credited with the composition of Hindi songs ?

(a) Babar
(b) Akbar
(c) Humayun
(d) Jahangir
Answer: Jahangir

Which of the undermentioned facts about Taj is not correct ?

(a) It is situated outside the Agra Fort.
(b) The names of artisans who built it are engraved on it.
(c) It is a magnificent mausoleum.
(d) It was built by Shah Jahan.
Answer: The names of artisans who built it are engraved on it.

Which of the following Mughal emperor's tomb is outside India ?
(a) Akbar
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Shah Jahan
(d) Jehangir
Answer: Jehangir

Which of the following forts was not built by Akbar ?

(a) Lahore Fort
(b) Agra Fort
(c) Allahabad Fort
(d) Gwalior Fort
Answer: Gwalior Fort

The earliest known Pahari paintings are from

(a) Guler
(b) Chamba
(c) Kangra
(d) Basholi
Answer: Kangra
The coins of which of the following reveal their love for music ?

(a) Mauryas
(b) Cholas
(c) Chalukyas
(d) Guptas
Answer: Guptas
The Buddhist sculpture and art is found at

(a) Mahabalipuram
(b) Vijayanagar
(c) Kanchi
(d) Amravati
Answer: Kanchi

Mughal architecture reveals a blending of

(a) Indian and Persian styles
(b) Timurid and Indian styles
(c) Turkish and Persian styles
(d) Turkish and Afghan styles
Answer: Indian and Persian styles
The most famous musician at the court of Akbar was Tansen. His original name was

(a) Makaranda Pande
(b) Lal Kalwant
(c) Ramatanu Pande
(d) Baz Bahadur
Answer: Ramatanu Pande

The existing specimens of Ashoka's monuments may be grouped under three heads. Which is not one of the categories ?

(a) Stupas
(b) Viharas
(c) Monolithic sandstone pillars
(d) Caves with highly polished walls
Answer: Viharas

Which art did Jahangir mainly patronise ?
(a) Architecture
(b) Music
(c) Paintings
(d) Sculpture
Answer: Paintings

What was the raw material that was generally used in Akbar's time ?
(a) Marble
(b) None of these
(c) Red Stone
(d) Brick
Answer: Red Stone
Which of the following is an architectural achievement of the Chandellas ?
(a) Sun Temple, Konark
(b) Rock-cut caves at Mahabalipuram
(c) Sun Temple, Modhera
(d) Temples at Khajuraho
Answer: Temples at Khajuraho
Who built the Tower of Victory (Vijay Stambha) in the Chittor fort ?

(a) Rana Ratan Singh
(b) Rana Khumba
(c) Rana Sanga
(d) Rana Hamir Deva
Answer: Rana Khumba

Which of the following is similar to the Taj Mahal in construction ?
a) Akbar's tomb
(b) Bibi-ka-maqbara
(c) Jahangir's tomb
(d) Humayun's tomb
Answer: Humayun's tomb

Purana Qila was constructed during the reign of

(a) Jahangir
(b) Sher Shah
(c) Humayun
(d) Akbar
Answer: Sher Shah

The temple of Angkorvat is in
(a) Laos
(b) Vietnam
(c) Myanmar
(d) Gambodia
Answer: Gambodia
Graeco-Roman influence in Indian art is found at
(a) Gandhara
(b) Bharhut
(c) Bodh Gaya
(d) Sanchi
Answer: Sanchi

The Hathigumpha inscription is found in
(a) Kakatiya (Andhra Pradesh)
(b) Halebid (Karnataka)
(c) Udayagiri (Cuttack)
(d) Nasik (Maharashtra)
Answer: Udayagiri (Cuttack)

The tomb of Babar is at

(a) Lahore
(b) Sikandra
(c) Sasaram
(d) Kabul
Answer: Kabul

The most famous interpolation made by the Brahmins was the addition of Bhagvad Gita to
(a) Mahabharat
(b) Puranas
(c) Vedas
(d) Upanishads
Answer: Mahabharat

Taxila was a famous site of

(a) Mauryan Art
(b) Gupta Art
(c) Gandhara Art
(d) Early Vedic Art
Answer: Gandhara Art

The Vimana style in temple architecture came into vogue during the reign of
(a) Rashtrakutas
(b) Cholas
(c) Mauryas
(d) Guptas
Answer: Cholas

In Mughal paintings, one notices the adoption of the principle of foreshortening whereby near and distant people and things could be placed in perspective. This was due to the influence of

(a) British
(b) Spanish
(c) Dutch
(d) Portuguese
Answer: Portuguese

The two colossal images of the Buddha at Bamiyan are works of

(a) The Gandhara Art
(b) The early Mathura school of Art
(c) The Gupta Art
(d) The Maurya Art
Answer: The Gupta Art

Qutab Minar was built by

(a) Razia Sultan
(b) shahjahan
(c) Qutb-ud-din Aibak
(d) Iltutmish
Answer: Qutb-ud-din Aibak

Bronze coins of Nataraja cast during the Chola period invariably show the deity with
(a) Two hands
(b) Eight hands
(c) Four hands
(d) Six hands
Answer: Six hands

Ajanta paintings are the finest specimens of
(a) Rock engravings
(b) Rajasthani miniature paintings
(c) Persian art
(d) Indian cave paintings
Answer: Rajasthani miniature paintings

The paintings in the Ajanta and Ellora Caves are indicative of development of art under the
(a) Pallavas
(b) Chalukyas
(c) Pandyas
(d) Rashtrakutas
Answer: Rashtrakutas

The buildings constructed by which Mughal ruler represent the climax in the evolution of Mughal arhitecture ?

(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Shahjahan
(c) Akbar
(d) Jehangir
Answer: Shahjahan

Who among the following Gupta rulers was a poet and a musician and was adorned with the title of Kaviraja or King of poets ?
(a) Samudragupta
(b) None of these
(c) Chandragupta I
(d) Skandagupta
Answer: Samudragupta

The new element of Gopuram was encouraged in temples of South India by
(a) Cholas
(b) Chalukyas
(c) Pallavas
(d) Pandyas
Answer: Pandyas
Which of the following was built by Rashtrakutas ?
(a) Surya temple of Konark
(b) Channakeshava temple of Betur
(c) Siva temple of Ellora
(d) Kailasha temple of Mahabalipuram
Answer: Siva temple of Ellora

Of all the great powers that made the history of South India, none had a more marked effect on the architecture of this region than the earliest of all. This observation refers to

(a) Chalukyas
(b) Cholas
(c) Pallavas
(d) Rashtrakutas
Answer: Pallavas

The earliest extant (still standing) temples date from

(a) The Maurya period
(b) The Sunga period
(c) The Gupta period
(d) The Vedic period
Answer: The Gupta period

Which of the following is not connected with Kushans ?

(a) Ajanta paintings
(b) Fourth Buddhist Council
(c) Gandhara Art
(d) Mathura Art
Answer: Gandhara Art

Ajanta paintings depict scenes from the

(a) Mahabharat
(b) Upanishads
(c) Jatakas
(d) Ramayana
Answer: Jatakas

The stupa at Sanchi and the railings surrounding it, belong to the period of
(a) Kushans
(b) Mauryas
(c) Guptas
(d) Cholas
Answer: Mauryas

The temple built during the medieval period by which of the following dynasties are known as Seven Pagodas?

(a) Pallavas
(b) Hoysalas
(c) Chalukyas
(d) Choias
Answer: Pallavas

The first Mughal building to have been built entirely of marble is

(a) Itmat-ud-Daula's tomb
(b) Taj Mahal
(c) Akbar's mausoleum
(d) Humayun's tomb
Answer: Taj Mahal
The finest and most eleborate temple of Chola architecture is the
(a) Subrahmanya temple at Thanjaur
(b) Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram
(c) Kailashanatha temple at Kanchipuram
(d) Brihadisvara temple at Thanjaur
Answer: Brihadisvara temple at Thanjaur

Biwi Ka Maqbara is the tomb of
(a) Aurangzeb's wife
(b) Mumtaz Mahal
(c) Nurjahan
(d) Humayun's sister
Answer: Aurangzeb's wife
Akbar built the Panch Mahal, noted for its various types of pillars, at

(a) Delhi
(b) Lahore
(c) Agra
(d) Fatehpur Sikri
Answer: Fatehpur Sikri

Who built the mausoleum of Jahangir and where ?
(a) Shahjahan at Delhi
(b) Nur Jahan at Fatehpur Sikri
(c) Nur Jahan at Lahore
(d) Shahjahan at Agra
Answer: Nur Jahan at Lahore
The city of Agra was founded by

(a) Ibrahim Lodi
(b) Firuz Tughlaq
(c) Sikandar Lodi
(d) Rana Sanga
Answer: Sikandar Lodi

An overwhelming majority of the images at Ajanta are those of

(a) Vishnu
(b) Durga
(c) Buddha
(d) Siva
Answer: Buddha
The largest grant of villages to temples and brahmana was given by the ruling dynasty known as

(a) Rashtrakutas
(b) Pratiharas
(c) The Guptas
(d) The Palas
Answer: The Guptas

Which of the following Indian kings excelled in art and music ?
(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) Kanishka
(c) Harshavardhana
(d) Samudragupta
Answer: Samudragupta
Which Sultans added the Alai Darwaza to the Qutab Minar ?

(a) Muhammad bin Tughlaq
(b) Iltutmish
(c) Firoz Tughlaq
(d) Alauddin Khilji
Answer: Alauddin Khilji

The use of Kharoshti in ancient Indian architecture is the result of India's contact with
(a) Central Asia
(b) Greece
(c) China
(d) Iran
Answer: Greece
The rock-cut caves at Elephanta belong to the period of

(a) Vakatakas
(b) Chalukyas
(c) Rashtrakutas
(d) Satavahanas
Answer: Chalukyas