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History : Practice Quiz 3 For Civil Service Examinations 2018 (UPSC Prelims 2018)
                                                                                                    August 6, 2017

History: Religious Movement

Which of the following was a saint of the Bhakti movement in Bengal ?
(a) Tulsidas
(b) Vivekananda
(c) Chaitanya
(d) Kabir
Answer: Chaitanya
 Shankaracharya, during Vikramaditya's period, was a very famous personality. Which of the following statements is not true of Shankaracharya ?
(a) He countered the spread of Buddhism and Jainism
(b) He established four religious centres in different parts of India.
(c) He defined Vedanta.
(d) He propounded Vishistadvaitya?
Answer: He countered the spread of Buddhism and Jainism
Who among the following was not an exponent of Bhakti movement ?
(a) Nanak
(b) Shankaracharya
(c) Ramanada
(d) Kabir
Answer: Shankaracharya
Sri Perumbudur, a temple town in south, is the birthplace of
(a) Adi Shankaracharya
(b) Madhavacharya
(c) Vidyaranya
(d) Ramanuja
Answer: Ramanuja
The pioneer in preaching Nirguna Bhakti in medieval India was
(a) Vallabhacharya
(b) Sri Chaitanya
(c) Ramananda
(d) Namadeva
Answer: Ramananda
Who amongst the following Acharyas is regarded as having combated the absolute monoism of Sankara in the 12th century ?
(a) Udyotaka
(b) None of these
(c) Ramanuja
(d) Hemachandra
Answer: Ramanuja
Who amongst the following was an exponent of Virashaiva ?
(a) None of these
(b) Basavaraja
(c) Shankaracharya
(d) Ramanuja
Answer: Basavaraja
Which of the following does not belong to Nirgun cult ?
(a) Kabir
(b) Ravidas
(c) Nanak
(d) Meera
Answer: Meera
The saint from Gujarat, who preached non-sectarianism in medieval times was
(a) Ramanand
(b) Dadu
(c) Raghunandan
(d) Tukaram
Answer: Dadu
The Bhakti literature by the Nayanmars and Alvars
(a) Opposed the practice of image worship.
(b) Advocate the austerities preached by the Buddhist and Jains
(c) Preached personal devotion of God as a means of salvation.
(d) Stressed the rigidities of traditional rituals.
Answer: Preached personal devotion of God as a means of salvation.
The philosophy of Vishishtadvaita was preached by
(a) Ramanuja
(b) Shankaracharya
(c) Kapila
(d) Madhwa
Answer: Ramanuja
Who amongst the following was a blind poet who worshipped Krishna and spread Krishna Bhakti cult ?
(a) Kabir
(b) Raskhan
(c) Bihari
(d) Surdas
Answer: Ramanuja
The earliest seeds of the Bhakti movement in India are found in
(a) Jain philosophy
(b) Sufi philosophy
(c) The Vedas
(d) Buddhist philosophy
Answer: Sufi philosophy
Who established 4 math in the four corners of India ?
(a) Ramanujacharya
(b) Madhvacharya
(c) Shankaracharya
(d) Bhaskacharya
Answer: Shankaracharya
Banis were the hymns and poems composed by
(a) Guru Nanak
(b) Dadu
(c) Kabir
(d) Raskhan
Answer: Dadu
 Sufi sect developed in the religion
(a) Hinduism
(b) Jainism
(c) Sikhism
(d) Islam
Answer: Islam
Ramanuja preached
(a) Dvaita
(b) Gnana marga
(c) Ahimsa
(d) Bhakti
Answer: Bhakti
Who among the following was the founder of Vaishnava school ?
(a) Shankaracharya
(b) Ramanuja
(c) Kabir
(d) Ramakrishna Paramhansa
Answer: Bhakti
What was the term used by the Sufis for the successor nominated by the teacher of a particular order or silsilah ?
(a) Wali
(b) Murid
(c) Khanqah
(d) Pir
Answer: Wali
 In which region of India was the Suharawadi order of Sufism popular ?
(a) Around Ajmer
(b) Punjab and Sind
(c) Delhi and Bihar
(d) Delhi and Doab region
Answer: Punjab and Sind
In which region of India was the Firdausi order of Sufism popular ?
(a) Bihar and eastern U.P.
(b) Deccan
(c) Sind
(d) In and around Delhi
Answer: Bihar and eastern U.P.
The most famous and the earliest biographer of Chaitanya, who wrote Chaitanya Charitamrita, was
(a) Madhavacharya
(b) Krishnadas Kaviraj
(c) Sunderdas
(d) Kritivasa
Answer: Kritivasa
The sage who is said to have Aryanised South India was
(a) Vasishtha
(b) Yagyavalkya
(c) Vishwamitra
(d) Agastya
Answer: Agastya
Kabir was the disciple of
(a) Ramananda
(b) Vallabhacharya
(c) Chaitanya
(d) Shankaracharya
Answer: Ramananda
The System of philosophy with which the name of Kapila is prominently associated is
(a) Samkhya
(b) Purva Mimamsa
(c) Uttara Mimamsa
(d) Nyaya
Answer: Samkhya
To which Sufi did the famous saint of Bihar, Makhdum Sharfuddin Maneri belong ?
(a) Kubrawi
(b) Suhrawardi
(c) Firdausi
(d) Chisti
Answer: Firdausi
Live well, as long as you live. Live well even by borrowing, for once cremated, there is no return This rejection of after - life is an aphorism of the
(a) Sunyavada of Nagarjuna
(b) Charvakas
(c) Ajivikas
(d) Kapalika Sect
Answer: Sunyavada of NagarjunaNagarjuna
In the systems of philosophy created by Indians, we find elements of materialistic philosophy in which of the following systems ?
(a) Yoga
(b) Vaisesika
(c) Samkhya
(d) Karm Mimamsa
Answer: Samkhya
Sudhavaita is the philosophy of
(a) Ramanuja
(b) Chaitanya
(c) Vallabha
(d) Kabir
Answer: Vallabha
Of the following , who visited the court of Krishnadeva Raya ?
(a) Ramananda
(b) Ramanuja
(c) Kabir
(d) Vallabha
Answer: Vallabha
Let no man ask a man's sect or caste whose dictum was this ?
(a) Ramanuja
(b) Chaitanya
(c) Ramananda
(d) Kabir
Answer: Ramananda
During his pilgrimage, Chaitanya received enlightenment at
(a) Rameswaram
(b) Allahabad
(c) Gaya
(d) Kanchipuram
Answer: Gaya
Devotion to Lord Krishna was preached by
(a) Madhva
(b) Ramananda
(c) Vallabha
(d) Kabir
Answer: Vallabha
The Bhakti Movement was first organised by
(a) Ramanuja
(b) Nanak
(c) Kabir
(d) Ramananda
Answer: Ramanuja
The author of Sri Bhashya is
(a) Vallabha
(b) Ramanuja
(c) Kabir
(d) Sankara
Answer: Ramanuja
 In him within whose heart is truth doth God Himself abide, said
(a) Kabir
(b) Vallabha
(c) Chaitanya
(d) Madhya
Answer: Kabir
Swami Vivekananda was well known in the religious Conference held at
(a) London
(b) Berlin
(c) Chicago
(d) Paris
Answer: Chicago
 Who were the most popular Sufis ?
(a) Hallaj
(b) None of these
(c) Ghazali
(d) Rabin
Answer: Rabin
 The birthplace of Swami Vivekananda is in which of the following cities ?
(a) Balasore
(b) Kushinagar
(c) Calcutta
(d) Cuttack
Answer: Calcutta
 Which of the following Bhakti saints used the medium of dance and songs (Kirtans) to make one feel the personal presence of God near him ?
(a) Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
(b) Jnanadeva
(c) Shankaradeva
(d) Chandidasa
Answer; Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Who said, Ram and Rahim are the two different name of the Same God?
(a) Ramdas
(b) Ramanuja
(c) Chaitanya
(d) Kabir
Answer: Kabir
Ajivika sect was founded by
(a) Upali
(b) Anand
(c) Makkhli Gosala
(d) Raghulabhadra
Answer: Makkhli Gosala