Volcano erupts on Kuchinoerabu island of Japan
January 20, 2019

A volcano has erupted on Kuchinoerabu Island of Japan. The eruption occurred on Mount Shindake. Mount Shindake had experienced explosive eruption in 2015. Japan’s Meteorological Agency has alerted people for volcanic rocks and pyroclastic flows.

Kuchinoerabu Island

Kuchinoerabu Island belongs to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The entire island lies within the borders of the Kirishima-Yaku National Park and the islanders are mainly dependent on fishing, agriculture and seasonal tourism.

The island is of volcanic origin and has an area of approximately 38 square kilometres. The Island has an active volcano.
Increased seismic activity in 2015 and an eruption resulted in an ash cloud. Eruptions in December 2018 and January 2019 led to pyroclastic flows.

Kagoshima Prefecture

Kagoshima Prefecture (Prefecture is the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division in Japan) located on the island of Kyushu in Japan. This prefecture includes a chain of islands stretching further to the southwest of Kyushu for a few hundred kilometres.


Palestine takes over chairmanship of G77
January 20, 2019

Palestine has taken over the chairmanship of G77 from Egypt. Palestine will be formally elected chair at the annual G77 ministerial meeting, scheduled to take place in mid-September.

The chairmanship of the G77 is based on the system of geographical rotation. 2019 was Asia’s turn and the Asian group had unanimously endorsed Palestine. Egypt was representing the African Group of countries.

Palestine’s chairmanship of G77 which is the biggest UN block assumes great significance at a time it is being increasingly blacklisted by the Trump administration of US. Even though Palestine is not the member-state of UN, Palestine has been recognised by 136 UN members and has the status of non-member observer state similar to Holy city of Vatican.

G77

G77 is a coalition of 134 developing nations (including China) at the United Nations. Traditionally G77 speaks with a single voice before the 193-member General Assembly and also at all UN committee meetings and at international conferences.

G77 was formed on 15 June 1964 by the “Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries” issued at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). The group was credited with a common stance against apartheid and for supporting global disarmament.

G77 and China

The G77 grouping considers China as the member state. China is providing consistent political support to the G77 and even makes financial contributions. But it doesn’t consider itself as the member of the group. Hence official statements of the G77 are delivered in the name of the Group of 77 and China.


Coins to commemorate MGR’s 102nd birth anniversary
January 20, 2019

Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami released two commemorative coins in the denominations of Rs 100 and Rs 5 to mark the 102nd birth anniversary of DR M G Ramachandran. The first sets of coins were received by Deputy Chief Minister O Panneerselvam at an event organised at the Tamil Nadu MGR Medical University.

The commemorative coins bear the portrait of Ramachandran at the centre along with the inscription ‘DR M G Ramachandran Birth Centenary’ on the lower periphery.

Commemorative coins in India

Commemorative coins are issued to celebrate some special occasion or to mark a special event or as a mark of respect towards some distinguished individuals or monument.

The first Commemorative coin in Independent India was issued in 1964 to commemorate the birth anniversary of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Thereafter many Commemorative coins have been issued.

The lower denomination commemorative coins are usually for general circulation and their metal composition is usually in line with the regular coins, whereas the higher denomination commemorative coins usually contain some silver and are meant for collection purposes only.

DR M G Ramachandran

DR M G Ramachandran popularly known as M. G. R is an actor, filmmaker and politician who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for ten years between 1977 and 1987.


Satyarup Siddhanta becomes world’s youngest to climb 7 highest volcanoes, 7 highest mountains in 7 continents
January 20, 2019

Satyarup Siddhanta, 35-year-old Kolkata mountaineer has set the world record of youngest to climb 7 highest volcanoes, 7 highest mountains in 7 continents in 7 years. He is also the first Indian to conquer the seven mountain peaks and seven volcanic summits.

Highest Mountains scaled by Satyarup Siddhanta

  • Mount Everest (8,848 m) – Nepal
  • Mt Aconcagua (6,961 m) – Argentina
  • Mt McKinley/Mt Denali (6,194 m) – USA
  • Mt Kilimanjaro (5,895 m) – Tanzania
  • Mt Elbrus (5,642 m) – Russia
  • Mt Blanc (4,808.7 m) – France
  • Mt Vinson Massif (4,892 m) – Antarctica
  • Puncak Jaya/ Carstensz Pyramid (4,884 m) – Indonesia
  • Mt Kosciuszko (2,228 m) – Australia

Seven volcanic peaks scaled by Satyarup Siddhanta

  • Ojos del Salado (6,893 m) – Chile
  • Mt Kilimanjaro (5,895 m) – Tanzania
  • Mount Elbrus (5,642 m) – Russia
  • Mount Pico de Orizaba (5,636 m) – Mexico
  • Mt Damavand (5,610 m) – Iran
  • Mt Giluwe (4,368 m) – Papua New Guinea
  • Mt Sidley (4,285 m) – Antarctica
Satyarup Siddhanta who is 35 years and 262 days broke the record of Australia’s Daniel Bull who was 36 years 157 days when he achieved the feet.

Software engineer by profession, Satyarup Siddhanta hails from Haridevpur in South Kolkata and is based at the Silicon Valley of India, Bengaluru. Reports suggest that had to work different shifts in two companies to raise funds for his mountaineering trips.


 
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