Veterinary and Animal Studies
Veterinary science involves diagnosis, treatment and cure of various types of diseases related to birds and animals. The major responsibility of a veterinarian involves  taking care of animals as well as treating and preventing diseases among animals. Apart from providing treatment, veterinarians also carry out surgeries which help in preventing spreading of diseases in animals by giving timely vaccination and medicines.  Veterinarians  also give advice on taking care of pets and farm animals.

The key values of this specialized branch of study are somewhat similar to that of human medical sciences. The job profile is much more than that of a general medical doctor or a surgeon. The job of a veterinarian may also involve health care, poultry management and wildlife conservation.

Scope of Veterinary Science: -

There is an array of job opportunities available in various areas in the country. As keeping pets has become a fashion now, the demand for veterinarians is increasing now days. Similarly, there has been an unpredictable growth in poultry and animal sector, which results in increasing demand for veterinary science in various sectors of livestock and poultry.  
Few courses offered under Veterinary Science: -
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science
  • Bachelor of Fisheries Science
  • Master of Veterinary Science

Basic Eligibility

For admission into bachelor’s degree a student must have passed 10+2 with biology, chemistry and physics and he/she also needs to qualify the entrance test conducted by the concerned universities. Veterinary Council of India conducts an ‘All India Common Entrance Examination’ (AICEE) for admission to first year Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) & Animal Husbandry (AH) degree course. The duration for bachelor’s degree program varies from 4-5 years, including the period of internship.

For admission into postgraduate course in Veterinary Science the student must have a bachelor’s degree in veterinary science and must qualify the All India Entrance Examination conducted by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR).


Those who wish to pursue a course in veterinary science as a profession can specialize in multiple fields from surgery to gynecology or pathology. Students of veterinary science have an option to choose specializations in animal biotechnology, livestock extension, dairy science, animal anatomy, animal genetics, animal husbandry, feed and fodder technology.

Job Prospects

In the recent years there has been a fabulous growth and demand for veterinary doctors in the field of veterinary science. Veterinarians can opt to work with private and government veterinary hospitals, farms related to poultry, sheep and rabbit, animal husbandry clinics. Veterinary services are also required by the dairy research institutes.

The government also undertakes veterinarians as public health officers whose services are used in national parks, zoos and wildlife sanctuaries. The defense services also use animals such as dogs, camels, and horses etc which also require the services offered by a veterinarian. Veterinarians also have the option to join the field of research.

Those who are specialized in this field are required in the area of laboratory, pharmaceutical, drug manufacturing industries etc.

Pay Package: -

The pay scale of a veterinarian differs on the basis of his practice and the animals he treats. Fresh graduates in government veterinary hospitals and centers are appointed as junior veterinary surgeons. Their starting salary ranges from Rs.10,000 to Rs.15,000 per month.

A private practitioner earns Rs.40 to Rs.500 per patient, depending on his popularity, experience and the type of treatment provided to the animals. A assistant professor can earn a salary of Rs.15,000 to Rs.25,000.


Send Your Query